For some patients, dental anxiety is a serious concern. They are more concerned about the anxiety than the procedure itself. Oral surgery has become a more common treatment method than ever before. Sedation dentistry helps relax patients during oral surgery.
Sedation during oral procedures aids in reducing the overall discomfort of patients. It has many other benefits. For instance, it lessens the gag reflex, which might otherwise become a hindrance while the dentist works in the patient’s mouth.
Also, sedation helps relieve the patient’s anxiety or dental phobia and results in pain-free surgery. Continue reading to know the types of dental sedation along with their effects.
Local anesthesia alleviates pain and discomfort associated with less complicated dental procedures. Oral procedures such as tooth extraction, crown placement, filling, cavity drilling, gum disease treatment, or a dental emergency require local anesthesia.
In local anesthesia, the patient will be awake and conscious. However, the area under treatment will be numb to reduce pain and irritation.
Nitrous oxide, also known as laughing gas, is the lightest form of conscious sedation. It immediately relaxes patients and is used to treat severe dental pains. It is helpful to use it with children more prone to dental anxiety.
Here, the patient is completely awake and can communicate with the dentist during the procedure. This method is for patients who are too anxious to undergo dental treatment. This sedation aims to elevate the patient’s mood during the process.
Oral sedation is also known as pill sedation. Here, the patient will consume a prescribed sedative dosage before the operation. Oral sedation helps to relax the central nervous system, and patients can sometimes fall asleep.
The dosage of oral sedatives depends on the personal health specifications of patients. Patients with intense apprehension or fear are mostly recommended for oral sedation to help relieve their anxiety. The patient shouldn’t drive after getting oral sedation and must accompany by some family member.
Intravenous (IV) sedation is the most profound form of conscious sedation that is injected directly into the patient’s bloodstream through an IV line. It is the best-suited option for patients who have to undergo lengthy procedures and have severe dental anxiety.
The dental health professional will monitor the patient’s blood pressure, heart rate, and oxygen level during the procedure. He can adjust the dosage anytime or use reversal medications per the requirement.
General anesthesia is a preferred method for patients who can’t take other forms of sedatives due to any specific reason. It is mainly for complex oral procedures, like dental implants or wisdom tooth removal.
The effects of this sedation are visible immediately, and the patient remains unconscious throughout the procedure. Also, the effects can linger after the procedure; therefore, patients need extra care.
There are several sedation methods, and undergoing any method is up to you and your dental team. Choosing the right sedation is imperative for the success of oral surgery. Make sure you discuss every bit of the chosen method with your dentist so that they can perform your surgery with minimal discomfort.